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Illinois Wildflowers


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Send questions or comments to John Hilty at the following
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Scientific Name List
Found 176 items
Scientific Name Common Name Family Name Common Family Name Type Color Flowering Petals Showy Group Arrangement Native
Acer negundo Box Elder Sapindaceae Maple Tree 001344322100 trees Opposite
Acer nigrum Black Maple Sapindaceae Maple Tree 000144434100 trees Opposite N
Acer platanoides Norway Maple Sapindaceae Maple Tree Yellow 000353223200 five trees Opposite X
Acer rubrum Red Maple Sapindaceae Maple Tree Red, Yellow2 012343322100 five trees Opposite N
Acer saccharinum Silver Maple Sapindaceae Maple Tree Pink, Red, Orange 001243322200 trees Opposite
Acer saccharum Sugar Maple Sapindaceae Maple Tree Green 000253323200 trees Opposite N
Aesculus glabra Ohio Buckeye Sapindaceae Maple Tree White, Green, Yellow 001653212000 trees Opposite N
Aesculus pavia Red Buckeye Sapindaceae Maple Shrub, Tree Pink, Red 005931111000 trees Opposite N
Ailanthus altissima Tree-of-Heaven Simaroubaceae Quassia Tree Green 000134433200 trees Alternate X
Alnus glutinosa Black Alder Betulaceae Birch Tree 002212223310 trees Alternate X
Alnus serrulata Brookside Alder Betulaceae Birch Shrub 011222333310 trees Alternate N
Amelanchier arborea Downy Serviceberry Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White 001473211000 five 3 trees Alternate N
Amorpha fruticosa False Indigo Fabaceae Bean Shrub Pink, Violet, Black 000245332100 3 trees Alternate N
Aralia spinosa Devil's Walkingstick Araliaceae Ginseng Shrub, Tree White, Yellow 000122454310 trees Alternate N
Aronia melanocarpa
See: Photinia melanocarpa
Black Chokeberry
Asimina triloba Pawpaw Annonaceae Custard Apple Shrub, Tree Green, Brown, Red 001443322100 three 1 trees Alternate N
Berberis thunbergii Japanese Barberry Berberidaceae Barberry Shrub Yellow, Red, Orange 000253322310 six 1 trees X
Betula alleghaniensis Yellow Birch Betulaceae Birch Tree 000133434100 trees Alternate N
Betula nigra River Birch Betulaceae Birch Tree 000353322200 trees Alternate N
Betula papyrifera Paper Birch Betulaceae Birch Tree 000134442100 trees Alternate N
Betula populifolia Gray Birch Betulaceae Birch Tree 000144332100 trees Alternate, Opposite N
Campsis radicans Trumpet Creeper Bignoniaceae Trumpet Creeper Vine Yellow, Orange, Red 000015642100 five 4 trees Opposite N
Carpinus caroliniana Musclewood Betulaceae Birch Tree 001244322100 trees Alternate N
Carya cordiformis Bitternut Hickory Juglandaceae Walnut Tree Green, Yellow 000034434200 trees Alternate N
Carya glabra glabra Pignut Hickory Juglandaceae Walnut Tree 000133234310 trees Alternate N
Carya glabra odorata
See: Carya ovalis
Sweet Pignut Hickory
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Juglandaceae Walnut Tree 000331333310 trees Alternate N
Carya laciniosa Kingnut Hickory Juglandaceae Walnut Tree 000142433200 trees Alternate N
Carya ovalis Sweet Pignut Hickory Juglandaceae Walnut Tree 000133334310 trees Alternate N
Carya ovata Shagbark Hickory Juglandaceae Walnut Tree 000154333100 trees N
Carya tomentosa Mockernut Hickory Juglandaceae Walnut Tree 000144333300 trees Alternate N
Castanea dentata American Chestnut Fagaceae Beech Tree Yellow 000024622200 trees Alternate X
Catalpa speciosa Northern Catalpa Bignoniaceae Trumpet Creeper Tree White 000134323300 four, five trees Opposite, Whorled N,X
Celastrus orbiculatus Oriental Bittersweet Celastraceae Bittersweet Vine, Tree Green 000025333310 five 1 trees Alternate X
Celastrus scandens American Bittersweet Celastraceae Bittersweet Vine Green 000026334100 five 1 trees Alternate N
Celtis occidentalis Common Hackberry Cannabaceae Hemp Tree White, Green 000145323200 trees Alternate N
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Rubiaceae Madder Shrub, Tree White 000013753200 1 trees Opposite N
Cercis canadensis Redbud Fabaceae Bean Shrub, Tree Pink 003532212200 pea 2 trees Alternate N
Chionanthus virginicus American Fringetree Oleaceae Olive Shrub, Tree White 001752211100 four trees Opposite X
Cladrastis kentukea Yellow-Wood Fabaceae Bean Tree White 000255222200 pea 3 trees Alternate N
Cornus alternifolia Alternate-Leaved Dogwood Cornaceae Dogwood Shrub White 000137441000 four 2 trees Alternate N
Cornus drummondii Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornaceae Dogwood Shrub, Tree White, Yellow 000136332100 four 2 trees Opposite N
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood Cornaceae Dogwood Shrub, Tree White 001642112200 four 3 trees Opposite N
Cornus foemina Stiff Dogwood Cornaceae Dogwood Shrub White 000234243100 four 2 trees Opposite N
Cornus obliqua Swamp Dogwood Cornaceae Dogwood Shrub White 000016642100 four 2 trees Opposite N
Cornus racemosa Gray Dogwood Cornaceae Dogwood Shrub White 000018343100 four 2 trees Opposite N
Cornus sericea Red-Osier Dogwood Cornaceae Dogwood Shrub White, Yellow 000026641000 four 2 trees Opposite N
Corylus americana American Hazelnut Betulaceae Birch Shrub 001223533100 trees Alternate N
Crataegus crus-galli Cock-Spur Hawthorn Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White 000173213200 five 2 trees Alternate N
Crataegus mollis Downy Hawthorn Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White 000372223100 five 2 trees Alternate N
Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorn Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White 000144123410 five trees Alternate N
Crataegus pruinosa Waxy-Fruited Hawthorn Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White 000273223200 five trees Alternate N
Diospyros virginiana American Persimmon Ebenaceae Ebony Tree Yellow, White 000145223200 four trees Alternate N
Elaeagnus umbellata Autumn Olive Elaeagnaceae Oleaster Shrub White 000243232300 four 2 trees Alternate X
Euonymus alatus Winged Euonymus Celastraceae Bittersweet Shrub Green 000143222410 four trees Opposite X
Euonymus atropurpureus Eastern Wahoo Celastraceae Bittersweet Shrub, Tree Yellow, Brown, Black, Pink, Red 000135322310 four trees Opposite N
Fagus grandifolia American Beech Fagaceae Beech Tree 001133433200 trees Alternate N
Fraxinus americana White Ash Oleaceae Olive Tree 000134433100 trees Opposite N
Fraxinus nigra Black Ash Oleaceae Olive Tree 000015642100 trees Opposite N
Fraxinus pennsylvanica lanceolata Green Ash Oleaceae Olive Tree 000135543100 trees Opposite N
Fraxinus pennsylvanica pennsylvanica Red Ash Oleaceae Olive Tree 000135543100 trees Opposite N
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust Fabaceae Bean Tree Yellow 000134323210 trees Alternate N
Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky Coffee Tree Fabaceae Bean Tree White, Green, Yellow 001125432200 five trees Alternate N
Halesia carolina Carolina Silverbell Styracaceae Storax Shrub, Tree White 002723222100 four 3 trees Alternate N
Hamamelis virginiana Witch-Hazel Hamamelidaceae Witch-Hazel Shrub, Tree Yellow 000123323410 four, many trees Alternate N
Ilex opaca American Holly Aquifoliaceae Holly Tree White, Green 011332222211 four trees Alternate N
Ilex verticillata Winterberry Aquifoliaceae Holly Shrub White 000014534200 four, five, six, many 2 trees Alternate N
Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Iteaceae Escallonia Shrub White, Yellow 001463211110 five 3 trees Alternate N
Juglans nigra Black Walnut Juglandaceae Walnut Tree 000153333100 trees Alternate N
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Red Cedar Cupressaceae Cypress Tree 011232222210 trees N
Koelreuteria paniculata Golden Rain Tree Sapindaceae Maple Tree Yellow 000003533311 four trees Alternate X
Larix decidua European Larch Pinaceae Pine Tree 001243322210 trees Needles X
Ligustrum obtusifolium Border Privet Oleaceae Olive Shrub White 000136222200 four 3 trees Opposite X
Lindera benzoin Spicebush Lauraceae Laurel Shrub Yellow 001433323100 three 2 trees Alternate N
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum Altingiaceae Sweet Gum Tree Yellow 002223323210 trees Alternate N
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip Tree Magnoliaceae Magnolia Tree Yellow 000244323200 six 3 trees Alternate N
Lonicera maackii Amur Honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Shrub White, Yellow 000252114410 five 3 trees Opposite X
Lonicera morrowii Morrow Honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Shrub White, Yellow 000085321100 five 3 trees X
Lonicera reticulata Grape Honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Vine Yellow 000047322100 five 3 trees Opposite N
Lonicera tatarica Tartarian Honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Shrub White, Pink 000177310000 five 3 trees Opposite X
Maclura pomifera Osage Orange Moraceae Mulberry Tree Yellow 000133314310 trees X
Magnolia acuminata Cucumber Tree Magnoliaceae Magnolia Tree Green 000234333200 six 3 trees Alternate N
Malus coronaria Wild Crab Apple Rosaceae Rose Tree Pink, White 000262232200 five 3 trees Alternate N
Malus ioensis Prairie Crab Apple Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White, Pink 000392211100 five 3 trees Alternate N
Malus prunifolia Plum-Leaved Crab Apple Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White 000242235300 five 3 trees Alternate X
Malus pumila Apple Rosaceae Rose Tree White, Pink 000383212100 five 3 trees Alternate X
Menispermum canadense Moonseed Menispermaceae Moonseed Vine White 000046332100 four, five, six, many 1 trees Alternate N
Morus alba White Mulberry Moraceae Mulberry Tree 001244323100 trees Alternate X
Morus rubra Red Mulberry Moraceae Mulberry Tree 000344223200 trees Alternate N
Nyssa sylvatica Black Tupelo Nyssaceae Tupelo Tree Yellow 000244333200 trees Alternate N
Ostrya virginiana Hop Hornbeam Betulaceae Birch Tree 001234432100 trees Alternate N
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper Vitaceae Grape Vine Green 000035533100 five 1 trees Alternate N
Parthenocissus tricuspidata Boston Ivy Vitaceae Grape Vine Green 000022453220 five trees Alternate X
Phellodendron amurense Amur Corktree Rutaceae Citrus Tree 000016433300 five trees Opposite X
Photinia melanocarpa Black Chokeberry Rosaceae Rose Shrub White 000036442000 five 2 trees Alternate N
Physocarpus opulifolius Ninebark Rosaceae Rose Shrub White 000035632100 five 3 trees Alternate N
Picea abies Norway Spruce Pinaceae Pine Tree 101122222221 trees Needles X
Pinus banksiana Jack Pine Pinaceae Pine Tree 000134442100 trees Needles N
Pinus nigra Austrian Pine Pinaceae Pine Tree 111221223231 trees Needles X
Pinus resinosa Red Pine Pinaceae Pine Tree 001134433110 trees Needles N
Pinus strobus White Pine Pinaceae Pine Tree 001134333110 trees Needles N
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine Pinaceae Pine Tree 101132233211 trees Needles X
Platanus occidentalis American Sycamore Platanaceae Plane Tree Tree 000232323200 trees Alternate N
Populus alba White Poplar Salicaceae Willow Tree 000133333200 trees Alternate X
Populus deltoides Eastern Cottonwood Salicaceae Willow Tree 000135432100 trees Alternate N
Populus grandidentata Big-Tooth Aspen Salicaceae Willow Tree 000254322100 trees Alternate N
Populus heterophylla Swamp Cottonwood Salicaceae Willow Tree 000263422110 trees Alternate N
Populus tremuloides Quaking Aspen Salicaceae Willow Tree 000126541000 trees Alternate N
Prunus americana Wild Plum Rosaceae Rose Tree White 001473321000 five 3 trees Alternate N
Prunus persica Peach Rosaceae Rose Tree Pink 014422212100 five 3 trees Alternate X
Prunus pumila susquehanae Susquehana Sand Cherry Rosaceae Rose Shrub White 000046431000 five 3 trees Alternate N
Prunus serotina Wild Black Cherry Rosaceae Rose Tree White 001354221100 five 3 trees N
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White, Yellow 000157421000 five 3 trees Alternate N
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer Ash Rutaceae Citrus Shrub Green 000245322100 four trees Alternate N
Pyrus calleryana Callery Pear Rosaceae Rose Tree White 002322212320 five 3 trees Alternate X
Quercus alba White Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000143334300 trees Alternate N
Quercus bicolor Swamp White Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000033235300 trees Alternate N
Quercus imbricaria Shingle Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000133224400 trees Alternate N
Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000133344200 trees Alternate N
Quercus muehlenbergii
See: Quercus muhlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak
Quercus muhlenbergii Chinkapin Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000133334300 trees Alternate N
Quercus pagoda Cherrybark Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000232214510 trees Alternate N
Quercus palustris Pin Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000133324400 trees Alternate N
Quercus phellos Willow Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 001221224410 trees Alternate N
Quercus rubra Northern Red Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000034334200 trees Alternate N
Quercus stellata Post Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000233224510 trees Alternate N
Quercus velutina Black Oak Fagaceae Beech Tree 000133234300 trees Alternate N
Rhamnus cathartica Common Buckthorn Rhamnaceae Buckthorn Shrub, Tree Green 000035243200 four trees Opposite X
Rhus copallina Winged Sumac Anacardiaceae Cashew Shrub White, Yellow 000112553210 five trees Alternate N
Rhus copallinum
See: Rhus copallina
Winged Sumac
Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac Anacardiaceae Cashew Shrub Yellow, Green 000025632100 five trees Alternate N
Rhus hirta Staghorn Sumac Anacardiaceae Cashew Shrub, Tree Green, Brown, Red 000014634100 trees Alternate N
Rhus typhina
See: Rhus hirta
Staghorn Sumac
Robinia hispida Bristly Locust Fabaceae Bean Shrub Pink 000375211000 pea 3 trees Alternate X
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust Fabaceae Bean Tree White, Pink 000255222100 pea trees Alternate N,X
Salix alba vitellina Golden Willow Salicaceae Willow Tree 000165332100 trees Alternate X
Salix amygdaloides Peach-Leaved Willow Salicaceae Willow Tree 000156431000 trees Alternate N
Salix discolor Pussy Willow Salicaceae Willow Shrub 000253332000 trees Alternate N
Salix interior Sandbar Willow Salicaceae Willow Shrub, Tree 000135432100 trees Alternate N
Salix nigra Black Willow Salicaceae Willow Tree 001443222200 trees Alternate N
Salix pentandra Bay-Leaved Willow Salicaceae Willow Shrub, Tree 000036532000 trees Alternate X
Salix purpurea Purple Osier Salicaceae Willow Shrub 000342432100 trees Alternate, Opposite X
Salix rigida Heart-Leaved Willow Salicaceae Willow Shrub 001453321000 trees Alternate N
Sambucus nigra canadensis Common Elderberry Adoxaceae Elderberry Shrub White 001244421100 five 3 trees N
Sambucus racemosa Red Elderberry Adoxaceae Elderberry Shrub White, Yellow 000125741000 five 3 trees Opposite N
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Lauraceae Laurel Tree Yellow 001343322100 3 trees Alternate N
Smilax hispida Bristly Greenbrier Smilacaceae Greenbrier Vine Green 000134423200 three 1 trees Alternate N
Smilax rotundifolia Round-Leaved Greenbrier Smilacaceae Greenbrier Vine Green, Yellow 000245322210 five 1 trees Alternate N
Smilax tamnoides hispida
See: Smilax hispida
Bristly Greenbrier
Sorbus aucuparia European Mountain Ash Rosaceae Rose Shrub, Tree White 000154243100 five trees Alternate X
Staphylea trifolia Bladdernut Staphyleaceae Bladdernut Shrub White 000354322100 five trees Opposite N
Syringa vulgaris Common Lilac Oleaceae Olive Shrub White, Blue, Pink, Violet 000283211100 four 3 trees X
Taxodium distichum Bald Cypress Cupressaceae Cypress Tree 001222333210 trees Needles N
Thuja occidentalis Northern White Cedar Cupressaceae Cypress Tree 000123543110 trees Opposite N
Tilia americana American Basswood Malvaceae Mallow Tree Yellow, Green 000135632100 five trees Alternate N
Toxicodendron radicans Poison Ivy Anacardiaceae Cashew Vine, Shrub Green, Yellow 001344322100 five trees Alternate N
Toxicodendron vernix Poison Sumac Anacardiaceae Cashew Shrub Yellow, Green 000134432100 five trees Alternate N
Tsuga canadensis Eastern Hemlock Pinaceae Pine Tree 001133333210 trees Opposite
Ulmus alata Winged Elm Ulmaceae Elm Tree 012322223210 trees Alternate N
Ulmus americana American Elm Ulmaceae Elm Tree 011344322100 trees Alternate N
Ulmus pumila Siberian Elm Ulmaceae Elm Tree 001344321100 trees Alternate X
Ulmus rubra Slippery Elm Ulmaceae Elm Tree 001243322100 trees Alternate N
Vaccinium arboreum Farkleberry Ericaceae Heath Shrub, Tree White 001353222210 five 1 trees Alternate N
Vaccinium corymbosum High-Bush Blueberry Ericaceae Heath Shrub White, Pink 000164431000 five 1 trees Alternate N
Viburnum dentatum Southern Arrow-Wood Adoxaceae Elderberry Shrub White 000136332100 five 3 trees Opposite N
Viburnum opulus americanum
See: Viburnum trilobum
American Cranberry Bush
Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw Viburnum Adoxaceae Elderberry Shrub, Tree White 000452223100 five 3 trees Opposite N
Viburnum recognitum Smooth Arrow-Wood Adoxaceae Elderberry Shrub White 000028432100 five 3 trees Opposite N
Viburnum trilobum American Cranberry Bush Adoxaceae Elderberry Shrub White 000027332100 five 3 trees Opposite N
Vitis aestivalis aestivalis Summer Grape Vitaceae Grape Vine 000135433100 trees Alternate, Opposite N
Vitis aestivalis bicolor Silverleaf Grape Vitaceae Grape Vine 000135433100 trees Alternate, Opposite N
Vitis cinerea Winter Grape Vitaceae Grape Vine 000155432100 trees Alternate N
Vitis labrusca Fox Grape Vitaceae Grape Vine Yellow 000026433200 trees Alternate N
Vitis riparia Riverbank Grape Vitaceae Grape Vine Yellow, Green 000037433100 trees Alternate N
Vitis vulpina Frost Grape Vitaceae Grape Vine Yellow 000145433100 trees Alternate N
Zanthoxylum americanum Prickly Ash Rutaceae Citrus Shrub Green 000164432100 four, five trees Alternate N