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Illinois Wildflowers


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Send questions or comments to John Hilty at the following
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Scientific Name List
Found 225 items
Scientific Name Common Name Family Name Common Family Name Type Color Flowering Petals Showy Group Arrangement Native
Adiantum pedatum Maidenhair Fern Pteridaceae Brake Fern 000034543100 grasses N
Agrostis gigantea Redtop Poaceae Grass Grass 000003862000 grasses ?
Agrostis hyemalis Tickle Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000244532000 grasses Alternate N
Agrostis perennans Upland Bent Poaceae Grass Grass 000001277200 grasses Alternate N
Alopecurus aequalis Short-Awned Foxtail Poaceae Grass Grass 000015751000 grasses N
Alopecurus pratensis Meadow Foxtail Poaceae Grass Grass 000147520000 grasses Alternate X
Ammophila breviligulata Beach Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001485100 grasses Alternate N
Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Poaceae Grass Grass 000000287200 grasses Alternate N
Andropogon virginicus Broom Sedge Poaceae Grass Grass 101010016820 grasses N
Aristida oligantha Prairie Three-Awn Poaceae Grass Grass 000000258410 grasses Alternate N
Arundinaria gigantea Giant Cane Poaceae Grass Grass 012532222110 grasses N
Asplenium platyneuron Ebony Spleenwort Aspleniaceae Spleenwort Fern 001133323210 grasses N
Asplenium rhizophyllum Walking Fern Aspleniaceae Spleenwort Fern 001232432210 grasses N
Athyrium filix-femina Lady Fern Woodsiaceae Shield Fern Fern 000013662100 grasses N
Avena sativa Oats Poaceae Grass Grass 001233431100 grasses Alternate C
Bothriochloa ischaemum Old World Bluestem Poaceae Grass Grass 000111235410 grasses Alternate X
Botrychium dissectum dissectum Cutleaf Grapefern Ophioglossaceae Adder's Tongue Fern 000000157410 grasses N
Botrychium dissectum obliquum Bronze Fern Ophioglossaceae Adder's Tongue Fern 000000157410 grasses N
Botrychium virginianum Rattlesnake Fern Ophioglossaceae Adder's Tongue Fern 000135631000 grasses N
Bouteloua curtipendula Side Oats Grama Poaceae Grass Grass 000011565200 grasses Alternate N
Bouteloua dactyloides
See: Buchloë dactyloides
Buffalo Grass
Brachyelytrum erectum Long-Awned Wood Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000004852100 grasses Alternate N
Bromus hordeaceus pseudothominei Lesser Soft Brome Poaceae Grass Grass 001674100000 grasses X
Bromus inermis Smooth Brome Poaceae Grass Grass 000017741000 grasses Alternate X
Bromus kalmii Prairie Brome Poaceae Grass Grass 000003942100 grasses Alternate N
Bromus pubescens Hairy Woodland Brome Poaceae Grass Grass 000028621000 grasses Alternate N
Bromus secalinus Common Chess Poaceae Grass Grass 000039610000 grasses Alternate X
Bromus squarrosus
See: Bromus pubescens
Hairy Woodland Brome
Bromus tectorum Downy Brome Poaceae Grass Grass 000168310000 grasses X
Buchloë dactyloides Buffalo Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000027522100 grasses Alternate N,X
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000002892000 grasses Alternate N
Calamovilfa longifolia Sand Reed Poaceae Grass Grass 000000982000 grasses N
Carex abdita Hidden Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 001684100000 grasses Alternate N
Carex albursina White Bear Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000186220000 grasses Alternate, Basal N
Carex annectens
See: Carex brachyglossa
Yellow Fox Sedge
Carex aurea Golden Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000016940000 grasses Alternate N
Carex bicknellii Bicknell's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000059410000 grasses N
Carex blanda Common Woodland Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000396100000 grasses Alternate N
Carex brachyglossa Yellow Fox Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000158510000 grasses Alternate N
Carex bromoides Brome-Like Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000269200000 grasses Alternate N
Carex careyana Carey's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000593110000 grasses N
Carex cephalophora Capitate Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000169310000 grasses Alternate N
Carex comosa Bottlebrush Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000115742000 grasses Alternate N
Carex conjuncta Soft Fox Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000099100000 grasses Alternate N
Carex crinita Fringed Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000037631000 grasses Alternate N
Carex cristatella Crested Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000017921000 grasses N
Carex crus-corvi Raven's Foot Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000357310000 grasses Alternate N
Carex davisii Davis' Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000079200000 grasses N
Carex frankii Frank's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000039521100 grasses Alternate, Basal N
Carex granularis Meadow Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000159310000 grasses Alternate N
Carex gravida Heavy Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000079410000 grasses Alternate N
Carex grayi Gray's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000046521000 grasses Alternate N
Carex grisea Wood Gray Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000189200000 grasses Alternate N
Carex hirsutella Hairy-Leaved Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000179210000 grasses N
Carex hirtifolia Hairy Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000088211000 grasses N
Carex hitchcockiana Hitchcock's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000059410000 grasses N
Carex hystericina Porcupine Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000028721000 grasses Alternate N
Carex jamesii James' Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000296100000 grasses Alternate N
Carex lacustris Lake Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000039510000 grasses Basal N
Carex laeviconica Plains Slough Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000059510000 grasses Alternate N
Carex lupuliformis Hop-like Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000024653100 grasses Alternate N
Carex lupulina Hop Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000026642000 grasses Alternate N
Carex lurida Sallow Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000146531000 grasses Alternate, Basal N
Carex meadii Mead's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000494000000 grasses Alternate N
Carex molesta Troublesome Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000069200000 grasses Alternate N
Carex muehlenbergii Sand Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000169310000 grasses Alternate N
Carex muskingumensis Muskingum Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000026642100 grasses Alternate N
Carex oligocarpa Sparse-fruited Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000297100000 grasses N
Carex pellita Woolly Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000047521000 grasses Alternate N
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000396100000 grasses N
Carex plantaginea Plantain-Leaved Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000394111000 grasses Basal N
Carex praegracilis Expressway Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000137521000 grasses Basal N
Carex radiata Star Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000169310000 grasses Alternate N
Carex scoparia Pointed Broom Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000017831000 grasses N
Carex shortiana Short's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000098100000 grasses Alternate, Basal N
Carex squarrosa Squarrose Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000068411000 grasses Alternate N
Carex stipata Prickly Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000039620000 grasses N
Carex stricta Tussock Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000059410000 grasses Alternate N
Carex swanii Swan's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000049420000 grasses Alternate N
Carex tenera Remote Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000019721000 grasses N
Carex tribuloides Blunt Broom Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000027721000 grasses Alternate N
Carex trichocarpa Hairy-Fruited Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000049410000 grasses Alternate N
Carex tuckermanii Tuckerman's Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000006741000 grasses Alternate N
Carex umbellata
See: Carex abdita
Hidden Sedge
Carex vulpinoidea Brown Fox Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000028720000 grasses Alternate N
Cenchrus longispinus Sandbur Poaceae Grass Grass 000001485100 grasses Alternate N
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland Oats Poaceae Grass Grass 000003544300 grasses Alternate N
Chloris verticillata Windmill Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000013445200 grasses Alternate X
Cinna arundinacea Stout Wood Reed Poaceae Grass Grass 000000297200 grasses N
Cyperus bipartitus bipartitus Shining Flatsedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000000189200 grasses Alternate N
Cyperus esculentus Yellow Nut Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000001366310 grasses N
Cyperus lupulinus macilentus Slender Sand Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000003664100 grasses Alternate N
Cyperus squarrosus Bearded Flatsedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000001466200 grasses Alternate N
Cyperus strigosus Straw-Colored Flatsedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000001377200 grasses N
Cyperus × mesochorus Midland Sand Sedge Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000003664100 grasses Alternate, Basal N
Cystopteris bulbifera Bulblet Fern Woodsiaceae Shield Fern Fern 000024652000 grasses N
Cystopteris protrusa Southern Fragile Fern Woodsiaceae Shield Fern Fern 000365321000 grasses N
Dactylis glomerata Orchard Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000038521000 grasses Alternate X
Danthonia spicata Poverty Oat Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000026831000 grasses Basal N
Dennstaedtia punctilobula Hay-Scented Fern Dennstaedtiaceae Hay-Scented Fern Fern 000012565100 grasses N
Deparia acrostichoides Silvery Glade Fern Woodsiaceae Shield Fern Fern 000023653100 grasses N
Diarrhena obovata Beak Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000011466200 grasses Alternate N
Dichanthelium acuminatum fasciculatum Woolly Panic Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000026542100 grasses Alternate N
Dichanthelium boscii Bosc's Panic Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000265321100 grasses N
Dichanthelium clandestinum Deer-Tongue Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000027422100 grasses Alternate N
Dichanthelium depauperatum Starved Panic Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000149311000 grasses Alternate N
Dichanthelium dichotomum dichotomum Forked Panic Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000145332100 grasses Alternate N
Dichanthelium dichotomum microcarpon
See: Dichanthelium microcarpon
Small-Fruited Panic Grass
Dichanthelium dichotomum ramulosum
See: Dichanthelium microcarpon
Small-Fruited Panic Grass
Dichanthelium microcarpon Small-Fruited Panic Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000145332100 grasses N
Dichanthelium oligosanthes scribnerianum Scribner's Panic Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000147421100 grasses Alternate N
Dichanthelium villosissimum White-Haired Panic Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000176511100 grasses Alternate N
Digitaria ischaemum Smooth Crabgrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000169300 grasses Alternate X
Digitaria sanguinalis Common Crabgrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001367310 grasses Alternate X
Diphasiastrum digitatum Fan Clubmoss Lycopodiaceae Clubmoss Clubmoss 000132443210 1 grasses N
Diplazium pycnocarpon Glade Fern Woodsiaceae Shield Fern Fern 000133335200 grasses N
Dryopteris carthusiana Toothed Wood Fern Dryopteridaceae Shield Fern Fern 000015652100 grasses N
Dryopteris goldiana Goldie's Fern Dryopteridaceae Shield Fern Fern 000024543200 grasses Basal N
Dryopteris marginalis Marginal Shield Fern Dryopteridaceae Shield Fern Fern 000123443100 grasses N
Echinochloa muricata muricata Awned Barnyard Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001387200 grasses Alternate N
Echinochloa muricata wiegandii Awnless Barnyard Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001387200 grasses Alternate N
Eleocharis acicularis Needle Spikerush Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000012673100 grasses N
Eleocharis compressa Flat-Stemmed Spikerush Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000167410000 grasses N
Eleocharis obtusa Blunt Spikerush Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000012474200 grasses N
Eleusine indica Goose Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001455310 grasses Alternate X
Elymus canadensis glaucifolius Canada Wild Rye - blue form Poaceae Grass Grass 000002872100 grasses Alternate N
Elymus hystrix Bottlebrush Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000004941000 grasses Alternate N
Elymus repens
See: Elytrigia repens aristata
Quack Grass
Elymus villosus Silky Wild Rye Poaceae Grass Grass 000005832100 grasses Alternate N
Elymus virginicus Virginia Wild Rye Poaceae Grass Grass 000013663100 grasses Alternate N
Elytrigia repens aristata Quack Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000005841000 grasses X
Equisetum arvense Common Horsetail Equisetaceae Horsetail Fern 000135541000 grasses N
Equisetum hyemale affine Scouring Rush Equisetaceae Horsetail Fern 001234432100 grasses N
Equisetum laevigatum Smooth Horsetail Equisetaceae Horsetail Fern 000137521000 grasses N
Eragrostis cilianensis Stink Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001366210 grasses Alternate X
Eragrostis hypnoides Creeping Love Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000277300 grasses Alternate N
Eragrostis minor Lesser Love Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001564200 grasses Alternate X
Eragrostis pectinacea Tufted Love Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001366310 grasses N
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple Love Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000277310 grasses N
Eriochloa villosa Hairy Cup Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000377300 grasses X
Festuca pratensis Meadow Fescue Poaceae Grass Grass 000028631000 grasses Alternate C
Festuca subverticillata Nodding Fescue Poaceae Grass Grass 000049410000 grasses N
Festuca trachyphylla Hard Fescue Poaceae Grass Grass 000048521000 grasses Alternate, Basal X
Glyceria septentrionalis Eastern Manna Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000148521000 grasses Alternate N
Glyceria striata Fowl Manna Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000017731000 grasses Alternate N
Hemicarpha micrantha Dwarf Bulrush Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000001366310 grasses Alternate N
Hesperostipa spartea Porcupine Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000019620000 grasses Alternate, Basal N
Hordeum jubatum Squirrel-tail Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000016841000 grasses Alternate N
Hordeum pusillum Little Barley Poaceae Grass Grass 001486100000 grasses Alternate N
Juncus articulatus Jointed Rush Juncaceae Rush Rush 000002762100 grasses Alternate ?
Juncus dudleyi Dudley's Rush Juncaceae Rush Rush 000015742000 grasses Basal N
Juncus effusus Soft Rush Juncaceae Rush Rush 000114652100 grasses N
Juncus interior Inland Rush Juncaceae Rush Rush 000125641100 grasses Basal N
Juncus tenuis Path Rush Juncaceae Rush Rush 000125642100 grasses Basal N
Juncus torreyi Torrey's Rush Juncaceae Rush Rush 000013763100 grasses Alternate N
Koeleria macrantha June Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000028631000 grasses Alternate N
Leersia oryzoides Rice Cutgrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000268300 grasses Alternate N
Leersia virginica White Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000277200 grasses Alternate N
Leptochloa fascicularis Bearded Sprangletop Poaceae Grass Grass 000012355310 grasses Alternate N
Leptochloa fusca fascicularis
See: Leptochloa fascicularis
Bearded Sprangletop
Lipocarpha micrantha
See: Hemicarpha micrantha
Dwarf Bulrush
Lolium multiflorum Italian Rye Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 001355311100 grasses Alternate X
Lolium perenne English Ryegrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000256321000 grasses X
Luzula echinata Hedgehog Wood Rush Juncaceae Rush Rush Brown, White 004951000000 grasses Basal N
Luzula multiflora Common Wood Rush Juncaceae Rush Rush Green, Brown 000155620000 grasses Basal N
Lycopodium digitatum
See: Diphasiastrum digitatum
Fan Clubmoss
Marsilea quadrifolia European Water Clover Marsileaceae Water Clover Fern 000012446210 grasses Basal X
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ostrich Fern Onocleaceae Sensitive Fern Fern 000025652000 grasses N
Microstegium vimineum Japanese Stiltgrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000002117710 grasses Alternate X
Milium effusum Millet Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000019720000 grasses Alternate N
Muhlenbergia cuspidata Prairie Satin Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000494100 grasses Alternate N
Muhlenbergia frondosa Common Satin Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000059300 grasses Alternate N
Muhlenbergia racemosa Marsh Muhly Poaceae Grass Grass 000000287200 grasses Alternate N
Muhlenbergia schreberi Nimblewill Poaceae Grass Grass 000000149610 grasses N
Muhlenbergia tenuiflora Slender Satin Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000377200 grasses Alternate N
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern Onocleaceae Sensitive Fern Fern 000123444100 grasses N
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern Osmundaceae Royal Fern Fern 000235332100 grasses N
Osmunda claytoniana Interrupted Fern Osmundaceae Royal Fern Fern 000047431000 grasses N
Osmunda regalis spectabilis Royal Fern Osmundaceae Royal Fern Fern 000235532100 grasses N
Panicum capillare capillare Witch Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001376200 grasses Alternate N
Panicum dichotomiflorum Fall Panicum Poaceae Grass Grass 000000149400 grasses Alternate N
Panicum miliaceum Proso Millet Poaceae Grass Grass 000011376200 grasses Alternate X
Panicum virgatum Switch Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001574100 grasses Alternate N
Pennisetum alopecuroides Chinese Fountain Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000135830 grasses Alternate X
Phalaris arundinacea Reed Canary Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000017831000 grasses Alternate ?
Phegopteris connectilis Long Beech Fern Thelypteridaceae Beech Fern Fern 000014852000 grasses N
Phegopteris hexagonoptera Beech Fern Thelypteridaceae Beech Fern Fern 000123453200 grasses N
Phleum pratense Timothy Poaceae Grass Grass 000004951000 grasses Alternate X
Phragmites australis Giant Reed Poaceae Grass Grass 000111264210 grasses Alternate N
Poa annua Annual Bluegrass Poaceae Grass Grass 012443221000 grasses Alternate X
Poa bulbosa Bulbous Bluegrass Poaceae Grass Grass 001585100000 grasses Alternate, Basal X
Poa compressa Canada Bluegrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000017731000 grasses Alternate X
Poa pratensis Kentucky Bluegrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000038620000 grasses Alternate, Basal X
Poa sylvestris Woodland Bluegrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000394000000 grasses Alternate N
Polypodium virginianum Common Polypody Polypodiaceae Polypody Fern 000133433200 grasses N
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Dryopteridaceae Shield Fern Fern 001133333210 grasses N
Pteridium aquilinum latiusculum Bracken Fern Dennstaedtiaceae Hay-Scented Fern Fern 000123543100 grasses N
Schedonorus pratensis
See: Festuca pratensis
Meadow Fescue
Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem Poaceae Grass Grass 000000276410 grasses Alternate N
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Great Bulrush Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000014662000 grasses N
Scirpus atrovirens Dark Green Bulrush Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000015752100 grasses Alternate N
Scirpus cyperinus Wool Grass Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000001494100 grasses Alternate N
Scirpus pendulus Nodding Bulrush Cyperaceae Sedge Sedge 000029610000 grasses Alternate N
Setaria faberi Giant Foxtail Poaceae Grass Grass 000001466210 grasses Alternate X
Setaria pumila Yellow Foxtail Poaceae Grass Grass 000001376210 grasses X
Setaria viridis Green Foxtail Poaceae Grass Grass 000002565100 grasses Alternate X
Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000169410 grasses Alternate N
Sorghum halepense Johnson Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000122334310 grasses Alternate X
Spartina pectinata Prairie Cordgrass Poaceae Grass Grass 000001784100 grasses Alternate N
Sphenopholis intermedia Slender Wedge Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000127820000 grasses Alternate N
Sphenopholis obtusata Prairie Wedge Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000257410000 grasses N
Sporobolus compositus Tall Dropseed Poaceae Grass Grass 000000049500 grasses Alternate N
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie Dropseed Poaceae Grass Grass 000000297200 grasses Alternate N
Sporobolus neglectus Small Dropseed Poaceae Grass Grass 000000039500 grasses N
Sporobolus vaginiflorus Sheathed Dropseed Poaceae Grass Grass 000000039500 grasses Alternate N
Thelypteris noveboracensis New York Fern Thelypteridaceae Beech Fern Fern 000012663100 grasses N
Thelypteris palustris pubescens Marsh Fern Thelypteridaceae Beech Fern Fern 000013564100 grasses N
Tridens flavus cupreus Purpletop Poaceae Grass Grass 000000159400 grasses Alternate N
Triplasis purpurea Sand Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000000159400 grasses Alternate N
Tripsacum dactyloides Gama Grass Poaceae Grass Grass 000125532210 grasses Alternate N
Triticum aestivum Wheat Poaceae Grass Grass 001345411000 grasses Alternate X
Typha angustifolia Narrow-Leaved Cattail Typhaceae Bur-Reed Cattail Brown 000014842100 3 wetland, grasses N
Typha latifolia Common Cattail Typhaceae Bur-Reed Cattail Brown 000013752100 3 wetland, grasses N
Woodsia obtusa Common Woodsia Woodsiaceae Shield Fern Fern 001135432100 grasses N
Zea mays Cultivated Corn Poaceae Grass Grass 000100238401 grasses Alternate C